Updated: Oct 15, 2020
Insomnia is a term that denotes a repeated challenge regarding initiation, consolidation, and maintenance of sleep. Also, insomnia entails a lack of quality sleep despite a person having plenty of opportunity and time for sleep, which results in daytime impairment (Allarakha, 2020). Three types of insomnia exist. First, acute insomnia that lasts for almost a month arises from such situational stress as a new job and resolves from the adoption of another stressor. Secondly, transient insomnia lasts for a week or less and results from changes in the sleep environment or stress. Lastly, chronic insomnia lasts more than a month and has an association with psychiatric conditions.
Causes of Insomnia
Stress that stems from workplace concerns, family, finances, and school forces people to stay awake at night, hence getting sleep. Also, work and travel schedules create an internal clock, which controls sleep and wake patterns, body temperature, and metabolism—further, poor sleeping behavior including watching a TV or engaging in stimulating duties before bed. Notably, eating lots of food before bed leads to discomfort (Mayo Clinic, 2016). Other common factors that lead to insomnia include medications, mental health conditions, and such stimulants as caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine. Aging changes the health conditions and activity of people leading to an increased likelihood of insomnia. Empaths can also experience a sudden onset of chronic fatigue due to a significant crash in energy levels.This can be caused by having a variety of emotional responsibilities, and also because we profusely leak our energy when we do not remain present, consciously aware, grounded, and balanced.
Signs & Symptoms
Insomnia signs and symptoms include difficulty falling asleep at night and waking up at night. Also, waking up early is another sign and symptom of insomnia. Besides, some people do not feel well-rested following a sufficient night's sleep. This inability to feel enough rest is an indication that one is undergoing insomnia. Furthermore, daytime sleepiness and tiredness alongside depression, anxiety, and irritability signify insomnia (Mayo Clinic, 2016). A person could also have challenges remembering, focusing on activity, and paying attention. Moreover, increased accidents or errors denote insomnia. Lastly, there a problem with ongoing worry concerning sleep. All these signs and symptoms may combine and exacerbate the situation.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy, in combination with medication, is essential. For example, education regarding sleep education, cognitive therapy, relaxation therapy, and sleep-restriction and stimulus-control therapy are some efforts that could help handle the situation. Also, education about sleep hygiene is necessary. Such a move addresses such behavior as caffeine IQ, watching TV and environmental noise handles incompatible sleep behavior (Allarakha, 2020). Also, cognitive and relaxation therapy, including correcting inaccurate sleep beliefs and reducing fear, handles the challenge of insomnia. Furthermore, stimulus-control therapy is vital since it allows for sleep arousal. Notably, such a move would entail going to bed when sleepy and using the bed for sleeping only.
In conclusion, insomnia denotes a difficulty to have an adequate sleep. Insomnia is categorized into three, namely acute, transient, and chronic insomnia, depending on such factors as the duration and effects of the situation. Besides, insomnia results from stress, late-night, or eating late in the evening, age, and medical conditions. Some notable signs and symptoms of insomnia include waking up early, and depression and anxiety denote insomnia. Treating insomnia needs such interventions as relaxation therapy, stimulus control therapy, and sleep hygiene education is vital.
Allarakha, S. (2020, June 17). What are the three types of insomnia? How to treat. MedicineNet. https://www.medicinenet.com/what_are_the_three_types_of_insomnia/article.htm
Mayo Clinic. (2016, October 15). Insomnia - Symptoms and causes. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/insomnia/symptoms-causes/syc-20355167
(2017, March 23) How being an Empath can lead to Adrenal Fatigue, Insomnia & Exhaustion.
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